Future of Biometrics in Security
Biometrics refers to the technology of recognizing individuals using their unique behavioral and biological characteristics. The biological or physical biometrics used includes fingerprints, a hand scan, DNA, and iris scan. Behavioral biometrics or traits include voice scans, keyboard strokes and signatures. The process of biometric authentication has two main stages. In the first stage, an individual’s biological or behavioral traits are extracted and stored. The data is then used to create a template for future identification. The second stage is authentication where new data is compared to the stored template to recognize, verify and validate an individual.
Benefits of biometrics in security
Biometric authentication has been used for many years especially in criminal investigations. Security agents have been using fingerprint scans and DNA to identify criminals. Businesses adopted biometrics in networks after PINs and passwords proved insecure. Hackers can uncover passwords and access private information. Biometric authentication is now used to access network systems and buildings. One advantage of biometrics is that biological and behavioral traits are difficult to replicate. They are unique in every individual. Biometrics is easy to use and reliable. Current technologies have made it almost impossible to use stolen personal information to access a system. They detect movements to determine if the person seeking access is physically present.
Future of biometrics in security
The major concern with biometrics was the possibility of stealing or obtaining personal data illegally. Many people were reluctant to give their personal data especially in mobile devices with concerns that the stored data is insecure and could be replicated in another system. Despite the security concerns, the use of biometric authentication has spread to different sectors. The development of sophisticated devices for collecting and storing personal data has increased confidence in biometrics. More individuals are now confident and willing to provide their personal data. Biometrics is currently used as addition to the password-based security systems.
Biometrics might replace traditional systems in the future. Organizations might opt for multiple biometric systems instead of combining biometrics with other traditional systems. Instead of using single biometrical data, biometric systems will combine several biological and behavioral traits to allow access. Further developments in technology will make biometric data hard to forge. Scanning devices will be more accurate in collecting or extracting data. Organizations might also shift from biological traits to behavioral traits. Behavioral traits are more difficult to forge than biological traits. In conclusion, technological advances will make biometrics more secure and accurate. The technology is likely to replace password-based technologies as sophisticated devices eliminate previous shortcomings associated with biometrics.